Hong Kong
Locale Hong Kong
Number of lines 10 (MRT) & 12 (LRT)
Number of stations 84 (MRT) & 68 (LRT)
System length MRT - 175 km (108.74 mi)
LRT - 36.2 km (22.49 mi)
Track gauge 1,432 mm (4 ft 8 38 in)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Hong Kong, under the government's rail-led transport policy,[1] the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, offering efficiency and affordability, with over four million trips made in an average weekday. As of first-half 2009, the MTR has a 42% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong.[2] The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR.

In 1967, construction of the MTR was prompted by a government-commissioned study. The Hong Kong Government had previously commissioned a study in the 1960s to find solutions to the growing traffic problem caused by the expansion of the territory's economy.[3] Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line was opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network.[4][5]


Year Opened
Total Length
in km
№ of Stations
Hong Kong logo Mass Rapid Transit
 East Rail  Hung Hom Lo Wu / Lok Ma Chau 1910 41.5 14
 Kwun Tong  Yau Ma Tei Tiu Keng Leng 1979 11.2 15
 Tsuen Wan  Central Tsuen Wan 1982 16.0 16
 Island  Sheung Wan Chai Wan 1985 13.3 14
 Tung Chung  Hong Kong Tung Chung 1998 31.1 8
 Airport Express  Hong Kong AsiaWorld-Expo 1998 35.2 5
 Tseung Kwan O  North Point Po Lam / LOHAS Park 2002 12.3 8
 West Rail  Hung Hom Tuen Mun 2003 35.7 12
 Ma On Shan  Tai Wai Wu Kai Sha 2004 11.4 9
 Disneyland Resort  Sunny Bay Disneyland Resort 2005 3.5 2
Hong Kong logo Light Rail Transit
 LRT System 


Varies sets lines for specific terminal(s) 1988 36.2 68


Hong Kong map


  1. Merging Hong Kong's Railways, Civic Exchange, 2004
  2. Title Slide
  3. Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1967). Hong Kong Mass Transport Study. 
  4. "Government has reached understanding with MTRCL on the terms for merging the MTR and KCR systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original on 8 April 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007. 
  5. "Possible Merger of MTR and KCR Systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2007.