|Number of lines||10 (MRT) & 12 (LRT)|
|Number of stations||84 (MRT) & 68 (LRT)|
MRT - 175 km (108.74 mi)|
LRT - 36.2 km (22.49 mi)
1,432 mm (4 ft 8 3⁄8 in)|
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
Hong Kong, under the government's rail-led transport policy, the MTR system is a common mode of public transport in Hong Kong, offering efficiency and affordability, with over four million trips made in an average weekday. As of first-half 2009, the MTR has a 42% market share of the franchised public transport market, making it the most popular transport option in Hong Kong. The integration of the Octopus smart card fare-payment technology into the MTR system in September 1997 has further enhanced the ease of commuting on the MTR.
In 1967, construction of the MTR was prompted by a government-commissioned study. The Hong Kong Government had previously commissioned a study in the 1960s to find solutions to the growing traffic problem caused by the expansion of the territory's economy. Construction started soon after the release of the study, and the first line was opened in 1979. The MTR was immediately popular with residents of Hong Kong; as a result, subsequent lines have been built to cover more territory. There are continual debates regarding how and where to expand the MTR network.
| || || || |
|Mass Rapid Transit|
|East Rail||Hung Hom||Lo Wu / Lok Ma Chau||1910||41.5||14|
|Kwun Tong||Yau Ma Tei||Tiu Keng Leng||1979||11.2||15|
|Tsuen Wan||Central||Tsuen Wan||1982||16.0||16|
|Island||Sheung Wan||Chai Wan||1985||13.3||14|
|Tung Chung||Hong Kong||Tung Chung||1998||31.1||8|
|Airport Express||Hong Kong||AsiaWorld-Expo||1998||35.2||5|
|Tseung Kwan O||North Point||Po Lam / LOHAS Park||2002||12.3||8|
|West Rail||Hung Hom||Tuen Mun||2003||35.7||12|
|Ma On Shan||Tai Wai||Wu Kai Sha||2004||11.4||9|
|Disneyland Resort||Sunny Bay||Disneyland Resort||2005||3.5||2|
|Light Rail Transit|
| LRT System
||Varies sets lines for specific terminal(s)||1988||36.2||68|
- ↑ Merging Hong Kong's Railways, Civic Exchange, 2004
- ↑ Title Slide
- ↑ Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1967). Hong Kong Mass Transport Study.
- ↑ "Government has reached understanding with MTRCL on the terms for merging the MTR and KCR systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original on 8 April 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070408214904/http://www.etwb.gov.hk/press_releases_and_publications/press_releases/index.aspx?langno=1&nodeid=778&Branch=T&lstYear=2006&PressReleaseID=9429. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
- ↑ "Possible Merger of MTR and KCR Systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070206105627/http://www.etwb.gov.hk/whats_new/Possible_Merger_of_MTRC_and_KCRC/index.aspx?langno=1&nodeid=1338. Retrieved 5 March 2007.